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2021 Online Course:
Preparatory Materials - Module 2

Each lecture requires participants to undertake advance preparation with some combination of watching one or two videos, reading recommended papers and/or reflecting on questions. See below for Module 2 (Ocean Sciences). Preparatory materials are also posted for Module 1 (Ocean Governance and LOS), Module 3 (ICOM) and Module 4 (Fisheries & Aquaculture)


MODULE 2: OCEAN SCIENCES

Friday 21st May: SESSION 5

5.1 RECORDED LECTURE (on Google Drive) to watch before session
Peter Wells - HEALTH OF THE OCEAN
    Preparatory readings
    1. Peter G. Wells, “Health of the Ocean” in The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development: Essays in Honour of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002), edited by IOI-Canada (Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018) pp. 192-198.
    2. Michael H. Depledge, Oceans, Health, and Well-Being" in The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development: Essays in Honour of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002), edited by IOI-Canada (Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018) pp. 199-204.
    Additional (optional) readings available on Google Drive under Session 5.

    Questions (for reflection, not written responses): 1. What do the terms 'health', 'ocean health', and 'ecosystem health' mean to you, in the context of your experience? 2. What is the difference between contamination and pollution, as defined internationally in UNCLOS? 3. What are the sources of marine pollution in your country? 4. How important is monitoring (of all kinds) to understanding the short and long terms effects of marine pollution? 5. Are there other kinds of stressors, besides chemical pollution, impinging on coastal waters and how would they rank in importance? 6. Are there signs of resilience or recovery from any of the stressors on coastal waters of your country? 7. For your coastal and offshore waters, is ocean health staying the same, getting worse, or improving with time? 8. Have you heard of and used the Ocean Health Index (OHI) approach to describing ocean health in your country? 9. Are assessment reports on state of the oceans useful to policy and decision makers in governmental efforts to protect ocean health?

5.2 RECORDED LECTURE (on Google Drive) to watch before session
Daniel Lane - ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE OCEAN
    Preparatory readings (choose one or two)
    1. From The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development: Essays in Honour of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002), edited by IOI-Canada (Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018): (i) Karen N. Scott, Legal Aspects of Climate Change" (pp. 169-174); (ii) Peter J. Ricketts, "Ocean and Climate Change Action: Opportunities for Economic and Environmental Sustainability" (pp. 316-321); (iii) John A. Cigliano, "The Role of Citizen Science in Ocean Governance" (pp. 252-257)
    2. Lane, D., Beigzadeh, S., and Moll, R. 2017. Adaptation Decision Support: An Application of System Dynamics Modeling in Coastal Communities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science. 8: 374–389.
    3. Lane, D. 2020. Responding to the Call for Climate Action. Proceedings of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, Vol. 50, Part 2, pp.237-247. https://ojs.library.dal.ca/nsis/article/view/nsis50-2lane/8830

    Questions (for reflection, not written responses): 1. What are the effects of the covid-19 global pandemic on ocean climate change actions and policies? 2. How does your nation/region identify with coastal and ocean climate change global policies and actions, e.g., SDG14, the Paris Accord, carbon emission metrics? 3. How have your actions changed in response to your personal adaptation to the changing climate? 4. What are the most important impacts of climate events in your region, e.g., from hurricanes and typhoons, fires, storm surge including impacts to the environment, the economy, society, and culture? 5. What is the most effective why of engaging the local citizenry in active and regular climate action, specifically in carbon emission reduction?


Tuesday 25th May: SESSION 6

6.1 LIVE LECTURE to be delivered on 25th May
Dirk Werle - OCEAN OBSERVATION FROM SPACE: NAVIGATING THREE COMMONS
    Key lecture topics
    • Principles of Remote Sensing
    • Important applications of satellite imagery with regard to mapping and monitoring marine and coastal environments
    • Governance aspects concerning the commons of ocean space, outer space and cyberspace as they relate to collecting, processing, accessing and utilizing satellite remote sensing data

    Preparatory reading: Dirk Werle, "Ocean Remote Sensing from Space: A Tale of Three Commons " in The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development: Essays in Honour of Elisabeth Mann Borgese (1918-2002), edited by IOI-Canada (Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018) pp. 213-219. Footnotes in that paper contain links to pertinent references.

    Questions (for reflection, not written responses): 1. Why is space a useful vantage point for ocean observation? 2. Can you recall any examples of the ocean seen from space? 3. What ocean remote sensing data, or images, might be relevant to your work, and how would you go about getting them? 4. Can you identify opportunities and challenges for accessing and utilizing that data – now and in the near future? 5. If you were tasked with developing data policy for the use of such data, what guiding principles would you apply? 6. How could ocean observations from space contribute to regulatory and enforcement regimes?

Friday 28th May: SESSION 7

7.1 LIVE LECTURE to be delivered on 28th May
Kristina Barclay - ADDRESSING OCEAN ACIDIFICATION, "THE OTHER CO2 PROBLEM"
    Key lecture topics
    • What is ocean acidification (OA)?
    • Impacts of OA on organisms and ecosystems
    • Other consequences of OA
    • Current efforts to monitor and combat OA
    • What’s next?

    Preparatory readings
    1. Cross et al., 2019. "Building the Knowledge-to-Action Pipeline in North America: Connecting Ocean Acidification Research and Actionable Decision Support. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:356. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00356
    2. OPTIONAL: Barker, S. & Ridgwell, A. (2012) "Ocean Acidification. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):21

    Questions (for reflection, not written responses): 1. What are some of the primary concerns with respect to either current or future OA? 2. What are some key challenges or barriers to overcome in developing knowledge-to-action efforts with respect to OA? 3. What do you see as a major challenge?

Tuesday 1st June: SESSION 8

8.1 LIVE LECTURE to be delivered on 1st June
Bob Branton and Christine Ward-Paige - ADVANCING OCEAN FOCUSED CITIZEN SCIENCE VIA THE UNDERSTANDING AND EFFECTIVE USE OF OPEN-ACCESS BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION SYSTEMS

   


Last updated: 15th June 2021